April 10, 2024
Lithium-ion battery powers many devices
Researchers have designed a
lithium-ion battery that contains a fire-extinguishing material, which
is released if the battery gets too hot.

Flame retardant triphenyl
phosphate (TPP) sits inside a shell within the electrolyte fluid. The
shell melts when the temperature reaches 150C (302F), releasing the
chemical compound.
In tests, battery fires were extinguished in 0.4 seconds.
Lithium-ion batteries power many devices but are a known fire hazard.
The Stanford University research team’s peer-reviewed paper has been published by the journal Science Advances.
Previous attempts to incorporate TPP inside batteries without the shell have hampered their performance.
a lithium-ion battery cell charges too quickly or a tiny manufacturing
error slips through the net it can result in a short circuit – which can
lead to fire.
In February 2016, the US National Transportation Safety Board issued a warning about lithium batteries in aeroplane cargo, describing them as “a fire and explosion ignition source”.
Samsung has not yet released the results of its investigation into what
caused some of its Galaxy Note 7 smartphones to catch fire last year, local reports have suggested it has found that the batteries were responsible.

A Galaxy Note 7 reportedly caught fire shortly after its charger was unplugged

However, the firm would not confirm that this was their conclusion.
understand the need for answers and appreciate your continued patience
as well as that of our valued customers, partners and stakeholders,” it
said in a statement.
“We are working diligently to ensure that we
have a comprehensive update and will provide more information in the
coming weeks once we have the final report.”

Better batteries

technology has been slower to evolve than the many battery-powered
devices that rely on it, said Ian Fogg, senior analyst at IHS,
is enormous pressure to improve battery tech. It’s one of the areas
that’s holding back mobile devices and a range of other products,” he
told the BBC.
“Manufacturers have been balancing out consumer
demand for longer-lived batteries, and more powerful devices with better
graphics and larger more detailed displays, with the sophistication of
battery tech.
“It’s very difficult to push up the capacity of batteries and there is always a risk that a battery in any device could fail.”

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